Who has not suffered from tooth sensitivity?
Tooth sensitivity is a widespread problem that involves discomfort or even pain in the teeth when exposed to certain substances and temperatures.
It is usually a sharp and sudden, but temporary, pain that is focused on one or more teeth. Fortunately, there are many products and solutions that can help you reduce the discomfort.
What causes tooth sensitivity?
The first thing to know is that there are no risk groups for tooth sensitivity, it can happen to anyone. The most common symptom is a sudden, sharp pain when teeth are exposed to air, hot or cold foods, sweets, or acids. We also find that some people may experience tooth sensitivity when brushing or flossing.
In healthy teeth, the enamel protects the underlying dentin layer, which is softer than the enamel. In turn, the roots of the teeth are protected by cementum, bone and gums.
However, there are certain situations such as, for example, wear, gum recession, caries, tooth breakage or root erosion, among others that cause the dentin to be exposed.
Dentin contains thousands of microscopic tubules, also known as canals, that lead to the pulp of the tooth. When certain external elements with the characteristics described above are exposed, these dentin tubules allow heat and cold to reach the nerve inside the tooth, causing pain.
Factors affecting tooth sensitivity
- Brushing too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush can wear away the enamel and expose the dentin. In addition, improper brushing technique can lead to gum recession.
- Receding gums. It usually occurs due to periodontal diseases or a bad brushing technique, leaving the dentin exposed. In this article we told you how to correct the gummy smile.
- Grinding or clenching the teeth. This frequency causes enamel wear.
- Acidic foods. If consumed in excess they can promote enamel erosion.
- Dental procedures. Teeth may become more sensitive after teeth cleaning, whitening, replacement of some crowns and other dental restorative procedures. The pain will usually subside within a couple of days.
Cómo acabar con la sensibilidad dental
As we can see, there are multiple causes or origins for tooth sensitivity. There is no single treatment option that works the same for all of them.
It is essential that if you suffer from tooth sensitivity, you visit your trusted dentist for a correct diagnosis of the cause. Only then will we be able to detect if it is due to a pathology that requires clinical treatment or if you will have enough using appropriate products to reduce the symptoms. If the reason for the sensitivity is addressed, the chosen treatment will be more successful in reducing the pain.
How to reduce tooth sensitivity
The most common, effective and affordable remedies are as follows:
- Use a toothpaste for sensitive teeth. It is best to use a fluoride toothpaste that also contains a desensitizing agent such as potassium nitrate.
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush.
- Avoid very acidic foods.
- It is advisable to use an unloading splint to avoid bruxism.
- Go to the dentist at the first symptom. The causes of the appearance of dental sensitivity are diverse, and it is the dentist who will determine the best treatment for each situation.