Absence of wisdom teeth
Wisdom teeth are called wisdom teeth or third molars. Some people do not have all of their wisdom teeth. There are theories that explain that the jaws have shrunk over the years due to changes in diet, thus reducing the space for them to erupt.
Why are wisdom teeth removed?
One of the main reasons for removing wisdom teeth is that they do not have enough space to erupt. For this reason they tend to come out crooked or can remain inside the jaw due to lack of space.
In addition, as they occupy a very posterior position, they cannot be brushed properly and can cause gum inflammation or even cavities.
Problems with wisdom teeth
The most common problems linked to wisdom teeth are:
- Infection or caries
- Damage to neighboring teeth or second molars (mainly caries).
- There is not enough space for brushing and they accumulate dental plaque.
Some dentists recommend extracting them before they can cause problems in the future.
It is also often recommended to extract them before starting orthodontic treatment, to give more space to the rest of the teeth.
Sometimes wisdom teeth do not fully erupt. Bacteria and plaque can accumulate around the tooth that is partially out and this causes inflammation of the gum called pericoronaritis, which makes it necessary to consider its extraction as well.
We recommend an annual check-up with your dentist. By means of an orthopantomography, he/she will know if there is a bad position of the wisdom teeth and if they are producing any interference.
In specific cases a mandibular CT scan can be requested to see if the lower wisdom teeth are close to the dental nerve and assess the risks that may exist if it is decided to extract them.
If you have discomfort caused by wisdom teeth request a visit with your dentist to clear your doubts.
Wisdom teeth extraction
As we have said before, it is important that the position of the teeth is previously assessed by orthopantomography and mandibular CT if necessary, and to see the risks that their extraction may involve.
The complexity of the extraction depends fundamentally on the position of the teeth.
Usually they are not complicated extractions, as long as they are performed by a maxillofacial surgeon.
For two or three days after the extraction there may be discomfort and you may have to take an anti-inflammatory or analgesic.
It is recommended not to rinse or brush your teeth during the first 24 hours after the extraction.